The hallmark of Malacca and perhaps the most photographed subject next to the Stadhuys. Built by the Portuguese in 1511 as a fortress it sustained severe structural damage during the Dutch Invasion. The British East India Company had set to destroy it but timely intervention by Sir Stamford Raffles in 1808 saved what remains of A Famosa today.
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The Great Wall of China was built over 2,000 years ago, by Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of China during the Qin (Ch'in) Dynasty (221 B.C - 206 B.C.). In Chinese the wall is called "Wan-Li Qang-Qeng" which means 10,000-Li Long Wall (10,000 Li = about 5,000 km).
After subjugating and uniting China from seven Warring States, the emperor connected and extended four old fortification walls along the north of China that originated about 700 B.C. (over 2500 years ago). Armies were stationed along the wall as a first line of defense against the invading nomadic Hsiung Nu tribes north of China (the Huns). Signal fires from the Wall provided early warning of an attack.
The Great Wall is one of the largest building construction projects ever completed. It stretches across the mountains of northern China, winding north and northwest of Beijing. It is constructed of masonry, rocks and packed-earth. It was over 5,000 km (=10,000 Li) long. Its thickness ranged from about 4.5 to 9 meters (15 to 30 feet) and was up to 7.5 meters (25 feet) tall.
During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Great Wall was enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added.
The Great Wall can be seen from Earth orbit, but, contrary to legend, is not visible from the moon, according to astronauts Neil Armstrong, Jim Lovell, and Jim Irwin.
1. 1 Utama Shopping center - located at Bandar Utama, which the locals called 1U. It is one of the best shopping malls in Malaysia where one can see the best finds. There are so much to see here like wardrobes, furniture, home wares and a lot more. There are also places around the mall where one can enjoy various activities like bowling and fitness centers. One can also find the best variety of delicious foods in 1U shopping center.
2. The Mid Valley Mega mall - located in Kuala Lumpur that is a mega complex with office buildings and hotels. There are lots to find here with such as local and international goods. One will always find the things he need and even the interesting things he never would expect to find.
3. Suria KLCC - located Kuala Lumpur, at the foot of the very famous Petronas twin towers. One may not only get to find the latest and most interesting finds, but also to see one of the most beautiful and tallest buildings. There is also a park outside the Suria KLCC where is an ideal place to rest after a whole day of shopping.
4. Sunway Pyramid - located in Bandar Sunway. This shopping center is famous for its unique Egyptian theme. You probably know this as the place in Malaysia with a big replica of a lion's head at its main entrance. Other feature that makes this shopping center is famous for is because it has an ice skating rink inside, and is the first in Malaysia having a skating area within a shopping mall.
5. Star Hill Gallery - located in Kuala Lumpur, has items that are made by both local and international designers. There are also dining stores where one can rest and eat after a tiring but exciting shopping spree.
6. China Town - located in Kuala Lumpur, along the Petaling Street and is a lively marketplace where one can find lots of Chinese goods and products. There are lots of things being sold here such as medicines, herbs, electronic products, home wares and other interesting stuffs. The street is quiet very crowded from late afternoons until the late evenings.
7. Low Yat Plaza - found in Kuala Lumpur, and a very well known place to find IT products and materials. Everything that involves IT stuffs is found here. From computer parts to graphic cards with all the latest and premium brands, Low Yat Plaza is where you can find all of them.
8. Mid Valley Mega Mall - located in Kuala Lumpur and is one of the biggest shopping malls in Asia. A very wide variety of shopping stalls and outlets are found here including bookstores, dining stores, and entertainment sections. The mall also is very artistically designed with modern quality that is so much adored by shoppers.
9. Berjaya Time Square - located in Bukit Bintang in Kuala Lumpur, one of the latest shopping malls in Malaysia. The building id quiet very spacious with its large area that is almost like a tower-mall.
10. Sungai Wang Plaza - also located in Bukit Bintang Kuala Lumpur. A vast variety of stores are found here with several dining shops and cafés within the mall.
The 1Malaysia is not a new concept or formula from our Prime Minister Dato’ Seri Najib. Rather, the ultimate goal of 1Malaysia, which is national unity, has been the main vision of our country’s leaders before, and has been interpreted in various shapes and forms over the span of five decades of Independence. If we truly study it, what has changed is the approach and implementation according to the ever-changing times and generations.
In other words, 1Malaysia is a concept to foster unity amongst the multi-ethnic rakyat of Malaysia, substantiated by key values that every Malaysian should observe. The approach is not independent of the Government’s policies thus far , instead it complements them to further reinforce our solidarity in order to guarantee stability towards achieving higher growth and development for Malaysia and other people. This means that 1Malaysia is a formula conceptualised as a precondition in ensuring the aspirations of the country to secure a developed status by 2020 are met, if it is inculcated in the minds of the Rakyat and practiced by the entire community. If the idea of "Bangsa Malaysia" which was engendered through Vision 2020 becomes the final destination, then 1Malaysia is the roadmap that guides us towards that destination.
This definition is built upon the argument that in order achieve the status of a developed nation in the predetermined time frame, the key requisite is a strong and stable country, which can only be achieved when its people stand united. The 1Malaysia national philosophy can be extended to the concept of 1Region and ultimately 1World. This would be the next logical extension of the philosophy based on mutual trust and respect between all communities. This was the right formula not only for national harmony but also for enhancing regional and global peace.
On the other hand 1Malaysia values and respects the ethnic identities of each community in Malaysia, and proudly regards them as an asset or advantage....
Taj Mahal is regarded as one of the eight wonders of the world, and some Western historians have noted that its architectural beauty has never been surpassed. The Taj is the most beautiful monument built by the Mughals, the Muslim rulers of India. Taj Mahal is built entirely of white marble. Its stunning architectural beauty is beyond adequate description, particularly at dawn and sunset. The Taj seems to glow in the light of the full moon. On a foggy morning, the visitors experience the Taj as if suspended when viewed from across the Jamuna river.
Taj Mahal was built by a Muslim, Emperor Shah Jahan (died 1666 C.E.) in the memory of his dear wife and queen Mumtaz Mahal at Agra, India. It is an "elegy in marble" or some say an expression of a "dream." Taj Mahal (meaning Crown Palace) is a Mausoleum that houses the grave of queen Mumtaz Mahal at the lower chamber. The grave of Shah Jahan was added to it later. The queen’s real name was Arjumand Banu. In the tradition of the Mughals, important ladies of the royal family were given another name at their marriage or at some other significant event in their lives, and that new name was commonly used by the public. Shah Jahan's real name was Shahab-ud-din, and he was known as Prince Khurram before ascending to the throne in 1628.
Taj Mahal was constructed over a period of twenty-two years, employing twenty thousand workers. It was completed in 1648 C.E. at a cost of 32 Million Rupees. The construction documents show that its master architect was Ustad ‘Isa, the renowned Islamic architect of his time. The documents contain names of those employed and the inventory of construction materials and their origin. Expert craftsmen from Delhi, Qannauj, Lahore, and Multan were employed. In addition, many renowned Muslim craftsmen from Baghdad, Shiraz and Bukhara worked on many specialized tasks.
The Taj stands on a raised, square platform (186 x 186 feet) with its four corners truncated, forming an unequal octagon. The architectural design uses the interlocking arabesque concept, in which each element stands on its own and perfectly integrates with the main structure. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and a symmetry of architectural elements.
Its central dome is fifty-eight feet in diameter and rises to a height of 213 feet. It is flanked by four subsidiary domed chambers. The four graceful, slender minarets are 162.5 feet each. The entire mausoleum (inside as well as outside) is decorated with inlaid design of flowers and calligraphy using precious gems such as agate and jasper. The main archways, chiseled with passages from the Holy Qur’an and the bold scroll work of flowery pattern, give a captivating charm to its beauty. The central domed chamber and four adjoining chambers include many walls and panels of Islamic decoration.
The mausoleum is a part of a vast complex comprising of a main gateway, an elaborate garden, a mosque (to the left), a guest house (to the right), and several other palatial buildings. The Taj is at the farthest end of this complex, with the river Jamuna behind it. The large garden contains four reflecting pools dividing it at the center. Each of these four sections is further subdivided into four sections and then each into yet another four sections. Like the Taj, the garden elements serve like Arabesque, standing on their own and also constituting the whole.